In the eleventh and twelfth centuries, the construction of the abbey church at Cluny, in Burgundy, which was the largest Romanesque abbey, generated an extraordinary influence propelled by the Cluniac order, created by abbot William the Pious. This order exerted its influence and building fever for nine centuries.
Over the centuries, Cluny spread, promoting the development of Romanesque art, via the installation of new congregations that were sometimes modest, as they brought together small units of monks, as in the Bourbonnais. Four Cluniac sites Saint-Germain-des Fossés, Arronnes, Châtel-Montagne and Seuillet testify around Vichy to Cluny’s influence. Some sites are modest, others reveal imposing architecture.